Veterinary Services Publications

Wolfe, Lisa L., Mary E. Wood, Mark C. Fisher, and Michael A. Sirochman. "Evaluation of Chemical Immobilization in Captive Black Bears (Ursus americanus) Receiving a Combination of Nalbuphine, Medetomidine, and Azaperone." Journal of wildlife diseases 55, no. 1 (2019): 84-90.

Wood, Mary E., Philip Griebel, Matthew L. Huizenga, Samuel Lockwood, Cole Hansen, Andrew Potter, Neil Cashman, John W. Mapletoft, and Scott Napper. "Accelerated onset of chronic wasting disease in elk (Cervus canadensis) vaccinated with a PrPSc-specific vaccine and housed in a prion contaminated environment." Vaccine 36, no. 50 (2018): 7737-7743.


Lowrey, Blake, Carson J. Butler, William H. Edwards, Mary E. Wood, Sarah R. Dewey, Gary L. Fralick, Jessica Jennings-Gaines et al. "A survey of bacterial respiratory pathogens in native and introduced mountain goats (Oreamnos americanus)." Journal of wildlife diseases 54, no. 4 (2018): 852-858.

Butler, C. J., Edwards, W. H., Paterson, J. T., Proffitt, K. M., Jennings-Gaines, J. E., Killion, H. J., ... & McWhirter, D. E. (2018). Respiratory pathogens and their association with population performance in Montana and Wyoming bighorn sheep populations. PloS one, 13(11), e0207780.

Miller, M. M., Cornish, T. E., Creekmore, T. E., Fox, K., Laegreid, W., McKenna, J., ... & Woods, L. W. (2017). Whole-genome sequences of Odocoileus hemionus deer adenovirus isolates from deer, moose and elk are highly conserved and support a new species in the genus Atadenovirus. Journal of General Virology, 98(9), 2320-2328

Killion, H. J., Edwards, W., Jennings-Gaines, J., Wood, M., Fox, K., & Sondgeroth, K. (2018). Development and validation of a real-time PCR specific for the leukotoxin gene of Bibersteinia trehalosi. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 1040638717753497.

Grigg, J. L., Wolfe, L. L., Fox, K. A., Killion, H. J., Jennings-Gaines, J., Miller, M. W., & P. Dreher, B. (2017). Assessing Timing and Causes of Neonatal Lamb Losses in a Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis canadensis) Herd via Use of Vaginal Implant Transmitters. Journal of wildlife diseases, 53(3), 596-601.

Monello RJ, Galloway NL, Powers JG, Madsen-Bouterse SA, Edwards WH, Wood ME, O’Rourke KI, Wild MA. Pathogen-mediated selection in free-ranging elk populations infected by chronic wasting disease. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2017 Oct 30:201707807.

DeVivo MT, Edmunds DR, Kauffman MJ, Schumaker BA, Binfet J, Kreeger TJ, Richards BJ, Schätzl HM, Cornish TE. Endemic chronic wasting disease causes mule deer population decline in Wyoming. PloS one. 2017 Oct 19;12(10):e0186512.
Butler CJ, Edwards WH, Jennings-Gaines JE, Killion HJ, Wood ME, McWhirter DE, Paterson JT, Proffitt KM, Almberg ES, White PJ, Rotella JJ. Assessing respiratory pathogen communities in bighorn sheep populations: Sampling realities, challenges, and improvements. PloS one. 2017 Jul 14;12(7):e0180689.

Brennan A, Cross PC, Portacci K, Scurlock BM, Edwards WH. Shifting brucellosis risk in livestock coincides with spreading seroprevalence in elk. PloS one. 2017 Jun 13;12(6):e0178780.
Benavides JA, Caillaud D, Scurlock BM, Maichak EJ, Edwards WH, Cross PC. Estimating loss of Brucella abortus antibodies from age-specific serological data in elk. EcoHealth. 2017 May 15:1-0.
O'Brien MP, Beja-Pereira A, Anderson N, Ceballos RM, Edwards WH, Harris B, Wallen RL, Costa V, Luikart G. Brucellosis Transmission between Wildlife and Livestock in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem: Inferences from DNA Genotyping. Journal of wildlife diseases. 2017 Apr;53(2):339-43.

Wolfe LL, Wood ME, Nol P, McCollum MP, Fisher MC, Lance WR. The Efficacy of Nalbuphine, Medetomidine, and Azaperone in Immobilizing American Bison (Bison bison). Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2017. Apr;53(2):304-310
Maichak EJ, Scurlock BM, Cross PC, Rogerson JD, Edwards WH, Wise B, Smith SG, Kreeger TJ. Assessment of a strain 19 brucellosis vaccination program in elk. Wildlife Society Bulletin. 2017 Mar 1;41(1):70-9.

Wood ME, Fox KA, Jennings-Gaines J, Killion HJ, Amundson S, Miller MW, Edwards WH. How Respiratory Pathogens Contribute to Lamb Mortality in a Poorly Performing Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis) Herd. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2017 Jan;53(1):126-30.

Jennings-Gaines J, Edwards WH, Wood MA, Fox KA, Wolfe LL, Miller MW, Killion HJ. An improved method for culturing Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae from field samples. In Biennial Symposium of the Northern Wild Sheep and Goat Council 2016 (Vol. 20, pp. 83-88). Cody, Wyo, USA: Northern Wild Sheep and Goat Council.

Walsh DP, Cassirer EF, Bonds MD, Brown DR, Edwards WH, Weiser GC, Drew ML, Briggs RE, Fox KA, Miller MW, Shanthalingam S. Concordance in diagnostic testing for respiratory pathogens of bighorn sheep. Wildlife Society Bulletin. 2016 Dec 1;40(4):634-42.

Edmunds DR, Kauffman MJ, Schumaker BA, Lindzey FG, Cook WE, Kreeger TJ, Grogan RG, Cornish TE. Chronic Wasting Disease Drives Population Decline of White-Tailed Deer. PLoS One. 2016 Aug 30;11(8):e0161127.

Kamath PL, Foster JT, Drees KP, Luikart G, Quance C, Anderson NJ, Clarke PR, Cole EK, Drew ML, Edwards WH, Rhyan JC. Genomics reveals historic and contemporary transmission dynamics of a bacterial disease among wildlife and livestock. Nature communications. 2016 May 11;7.
Clarke PR, Edwards WH, Hennager SG, Block JF, Yates AM, Ebel E, Knopp DJ, Fuentes-Sanchez A, Jennings-Gaines J, Kientz RL, Simunich M. Comparison of Buffered, Acidified Plate Antigen to Standard Serologic Tests for the Detection of Serum Antibodies to Brucella abortus in Elk (Cervus canadensis). Journal of wildlife diseases. 2015 Jul;51(3):764-8.

Cross PC, Maichak EJ, Rogerson JD, Irvine KM, Jones JD, Heisey DM, Edwards WH, Scurlock BM. Estimating the phenology of elk brucellosis transmission with hierarchical models of cause‐specific and baseline hazards. The Journal of Wildlife Management. 2015 Jul 1;79(5):739-48.

Fox KA, Rouse NM, Huyvaert KP, Griffin KA, Killion HJ, Jennings-Gaines J, Edwards WH, Quackenbush SL, Miller MW. Bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis) sinus tumors are associated with coinfections by potentially pathogenic bacteria in the upper respiratory tract. Journal of wildlife diseases. 2015 Jan;51(1):19-27.

Brennan A, Cross PC, Higgs MD, Edwards WH, Scurlock BM, Creel S. A multi‐scale assessment of animal aggregation patterns to understand increasing pathogen seroprevalence. Ecosphere. 2014 Oct 1;5(10):1-25.

Barber JJ, Gupta P, Edwards W, Ogle K, Waller LA. Combining and comparing multiple serial dilution assays of particles in solution: application to brucellosis in elk of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Environmental and Ecological Statistics. 2015 Mar 1;22(1):161-77.

Kardos M, Luikart G, Bunch R, Dewey S, Edwards W, McWilliam S, Stephenson J, Allendorf FW, Hogg JT, Kijas J. Whole‐genome resequencing uncovers molecular signatures of natural and sexual selection in wild bighorn sheep. Molecular ecology. 2015 Nov 1;24(22):5616-32.

Shanthalingam S, Goldy A, Bavananthasivam J, Subramaniam R, Batra SA, Kugadas A, Raghavan B, Dassanayake RP, Jennings-Gaines JE, Killion HJ, Edwards WH. PCR assay detects Mannheimia haemolytica in culture-negative pneumonic lung tissues of bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis) from outbreaks in the western USA, 2009–2010. Journal of wildlife diseases. 2014 Jan;50(1):1-0.

Kreeger TJ, Bjornlie D, Thompson D, Clapp J, Clark C, Hansen C, Huizenga M, Lockwood S. Immobilization of Wyoming Bears Using Carfentanil and Xylazine. Journal of wildlife diseases. 2013 Jul;49(3):674-8.

Hand BK, Chen S, Anderson N, Beja-Pereira A, Cross PC, Ebinger M, Edwards H, Garrott RA, Kardos MD, Kauffman M, Landguth EL. Sex-Biased Gene Flow Among Elk in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management. 2013 Dec;5(1):124-32.

Miller MW, Hause BM, Killion HJ, Fox KA, Edwards WH, Wolfe LL. Phylogenetic and epidemiologic relationships among Pasteurellaceae from Colorado bighorn sheep herds. Journal of wildlife diseases. 2013 Jul;49(3):653-60.

Kreeger TJ, Kellie KA. Sufentanil Citrate Immobilization of Alaskan Moose Calves. Journal of wildlife diseases. 2012 Oct;48(4):1088-91.

See W, Edwards WH, Dauwalter S, Almendra C, Kardos MD, Lowell JL, Wallen R, Cain SL, Holben WE, Luikart G. YERSINIA ENTEROCOLITICA: AN UNLIKELY CAUSE OF POSITIVE BRUCELLOSIS TESTS IN GREATER YELLOWSTONE ECOSYSTEM BISON (BISON BISON). Journal of wildlife diseases. 2012 Jul;48(3):537-41.

Higgins J, Stuber T, Quance C, Edwards WH, Tiller RV, Linfield T, Rhyan J, Berte A, Harris B. Molecular epidemiology of Brucella abortus isolates from cattle, elk, and bison in the United States, 1998 to 2011. Applied and environmental microbiology. 2012 May 15;78(10):3674-84.

Kreeger TJ, Cornish T, Creekmore TE, Edwards WH, Tate C. Field Guide to Diseases of Wyoming Wildlife, 218 pgs.  2011. Published by the Wyoming Game and Fish Department.

Kreeger TJ, Huizenga M, Hansen C, Wise BL. SUFENTANIL AND XYLAZINE IMMOBILIZATION OF ROCKY MOUNTAIN ELK. Journal of wildlife diseases. 2011 Jul;47(3):638-42.

Vernati G, Edwards WH, Rocke TE, Little SF, Andrews GP. Antigenic profiling of Yersinia pestis infection in the Wyoming coyote (Canis latrans). Journal of wildlife diseases. 2011 Jan;47(1):21-9.

Andrews GP, Vernati G, Ulrich R, Rocke TE, Edwards WH, Adamovicz JJ. Identification of in vivo-induced conserved sequences from Yersinia pestis during experimental plague infection in the rabbit. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases. 2010 Oct 1;10(8):749-56.

Lowry JE, Goodridge L, Vernati G, Fluegel AM, Edwards WH, Andrews GP. Identification of Brucella abortus genes in elk (Cervus elaphus) using in vivo-induced antigen technology (IVIAT) reveals novel markers of infection. Veterinary microbiology. 2010 May 19;142(3):367-72.

Cross PC, Heisey DM, Scurlock BM, Edwards WH, Ebinger MR, Brennan A. Mapping brucellosis increases relative to elk density using hierarchical Bayesian models. PLoS One. 2010 Apr 23;5(4):e10322.

Scurlock BM, Edwards WH. Status of brucellosis in free-ranging elk and bison in Wyoming. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2010 Apr;46(2):442-9.

Cross PC, Cole EK, Dobson AP, Edwards W, Hamlin KL, Luikart G, Middleton AD, Scurlock BM, White PJ. Probable causes of increasing brucellosis in free‐ranging elk of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Ecological Applications. 2010 Jan 1;20(1):278-88.

Maichak EJ, Scurlock BM, Rogerson JD, Meadows LL, Barbknecht AE, Edwards WH, Cross PC. Effects of management, behavior, and scavenging on risk of brucellosis transmission in elk of western Wyoming. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2009 Apr;45(2):398-410.

Killian G, Kreeger TJ, Rhyan J, Fagerstone K, Miller L. Observations on the use of GonaConTM in captive female elk (Cervus elaphus). Journal of wildlife diseases. 2009 Jan;45(1):184-8.

O'Toole D, Williams ES, Woods LW, Mills K, Boerger-Fields A, Montgomery DL, Jaeger P, Edwards WH, Christensen D, Marlatt W. Tularemia in range sheep: an overlooked syndrome?. Journal of veterinary diagnostic investigation. 2008 Jul;20(4):508-13.

Cook WE, Raisbeck MF, Cornish TE, Williams ES, Brown B, Hiatt G, Kreeger TJ. Paresis and death in elk (Cervus elaphus) due to lichen intoxication in Wyoming. Journal of wildlife diseases. 2007 Jul;43(3):498-503.

Cross PC, Edwards WH, Scurlock BM, Maichak EJ, Rogerson JD. Effects of management and climate on elk brucellosis in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Ecological Applications. 2007 Jun 1;17(4):957-64.

Jewell JE, Brown J, Kreeger T, Williams ES. Prion protein in cardiac muscle of elk (Cervus elaphus nelsoni) and white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) infected with chronic wasting disease. Journal of general virology. 2006 Nov 1;87(11):3443-50.

Kreeger TJ, Montgomery DL, Jewell JE, Schultz W, Williams ES. Oral transmission of chronic wasting disease in captive Shira's moose. Journal of wildlife diseases. 2006 Jul;42(3):640-5.

Pauli JN, Buskirk SW, Williams ES, Edwards WH. A plague epizootic in the black-tailed prairie dog (Cynomys ludovicianus). Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2006 Jan;42(1):74-80.

Kreeger TJ, Edwards WH, Wald EJ, Becker SA, Brimeyer D, Fralick G, Berger J. Health assessment of Shiras moose immobilized with thiafentanil. Alces. 2005 Jan 1;41:121-8.

Kreeger TJ, Cook WE, Edwards WH, Cornish T. Brucellosis in captive Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis) caused by Brucella abortus biovar 4. Journal of wildlife diseases. 2004 Apr;40(2):311-5.

Drew ML, Waldrup K, Kreeger T, Craigmill AL, Wetzlich SE, Mackintosh C. Pharmacokinetics of ceftiofur in red deer (Cervus elaphus). Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics. 2004 Feb 1;27(1):7-11.

Van Houten Jr CK, Belden EL, Kreeger TJ, Williams ES, Edwards WH, Thorne ET, Cook WE, Mills KW. Validation of a Brucella abortus competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for use in Rocky Mountain elk (Cervus elaphus nelsoni). Journal of wildlife diseases. 2003 Apr;39(2):316-22.

Olsen SC, Kreeger TJ, Schultz W. Immune responses of bison to ballistic or hand vaccination with Brucella abortus strain RB51. Journal of wildlife diseases. 2002 Oct;38(4):738-45.

Olsen SC, Kreeger TJ, Palmer MV. Immune responses of elk to vaccination with Brucella abortus strain RB51. Journal of wildlife diseases. 2002 Oct;38(4):746-51.

Kreeger TJ, DeLiberto TJ, Olsen SC, Edwards WH, Cook WE. Safety of Brucella abortus strain RB51 vaccine in non-target ungulates and coyotes. Journal of wildlife diseases. 2002 Jul;38(3):552-7.

Cook WE, Williams ES, Thorne ET, Kreeger TJ, Stout G, Bardsley K, Edwards H, Schurig G, Colby LA, Enright F, Elzer PH. Brucella abortus strain RB51 vaccination in elk I. Efficacy of reduced dosage. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2002 Jan;38(1):18-26.

Kreeger TJ, Cook WE, Edwards WH, Elzer PH, Olsen SC. Brucella abortus strain RB51 vaccination in elk II. Failure of high dosage to prevent abortion. Journal of wildlife diseases. 2002 Jan;38(1):27-31.

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